Monthly Archives: October 2014

Lepidoptera- Butterflies and Moths

Butterflies and moths are no stranger to people, thanks to their amazing varieties of wing patterns, colours and forms.

A huge majority of Lepidopterans share several unique characters which include wings that are composed of minute scales and also a proboscis- a specialized, tubular mouthpart used for feeding on nectar.

Butterflies and moths both undergo complete metamorphosis which is composed of […]

By |October 31st, 2014|Insects|Comments Off on Lepidoptera- Butterflies and Moths

Mantodea- Praying Mantis

Mantises are predatory insects that are known to be very aggresive and ruthless when it comes to hunting and even mating. These insects are very easy to recognize, mainly because of their bizarre “praying” posture and not to mention their highly evolved forelegs that specialize in killing.

Mantises are generally active during the day (diurnal), and most […]

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Zygoptera- Damselflies

Damselflies are insects that look like smaller versions of Dragonflies, also with two bulging eyes, two pairs of wings and a very long abdomen (or tail).

Damselflies can be distinguished from Dragonflies by their smaller and slimmer bodies, eyes that are located at  each end of the head (not touching one another), and by that fact […]

By |October 31st, 2014|Insects|Comments Off on Zygoptera- Damselflies

Mesothelae- “Primitive” Spiders

Members of the suborder Mesothelae are mostly extinct, with only one family Liphistiidae still roaming the surface of the Earth today.

These spiders are amongst the most ancient spiders alive which comprises of true spiders living on Earth around 300 million years ago; thus termed “living fossils” nowadays.

The appearances of these spiders are very much different from our modern […]

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Coleoptera- Beetles

Beetles are insects with relatively hard shells (called elytra) evolved from the forewing which function to protect the rear pair of wings. The relatively tough exoskeleton of beetles makes them difficult to prey upon, thus making them one of the most successful in the insect world- widely dispersed throughout the planet in a wide array of forms.

Beetles are […]

By |October 30th, 2014|Insects|Comments Off on Coleoptera- Beetles

Diptera- Flies

Diptera basically stands for “two-wings” in Greek. Members of Diptera possess a pair of wings plus a pair of halteres evolved from the hindwing. Halteres are knob structures that help flies stay balanced during flight. Most flies have two large and prominent compound eyes.

Flies occur in various forms but most undergo complete metamorphosis and thus display a […]

By |October 30th, 2014|Insects|Comments Off on Diptera- Flies

Anisoptera- Dragonflies

Dragonflies are amongst some of the insects that roamed the lands of Earth during prehistoric times, and they have not really changed much over these millions of years albeit some minor size decrease.

These ferocious predators can generally be differentiated from other insects based on their relatively large body size, the presence of two large compound eyes that […]

By |October 29th, 2014|Insects|Comments Off on Anisoptera- Dragonflies

Insects- An Introduction

Insects are the most diverse group of animals on the planet, with the amount of species available today estimated to be up to 10 million! These six-legged creatures come in all sorts of amazing forms and sizes which never fail at awing people. The sheer amount and diversity also means that insects play a huge role in […]

By |October 29th, 2014|Insects|Comments Off on Insects- An Introduction

Salticidae- Jumping Spiders

Jumping Spiders are some of the most distinctive spiders around, thanks largely to their unique eye arrangements, and especially the two large and round eyes at the centre. These cute little spiders are fast and skilled hunters, relying more on agility and precision to catch their preys rather than sitting on webs all day and […]

By |October 27th, 2014|Spiders|Comments Off on Salticidae- Jumping Spiders

Araneidae- Orb Web Spiders

Also known as the Orb Weaver Spiders, spiders within the family Araneidae are usually the ones you most commonly find in your garden although they do occur in many other places with foliages too. These spiders in general spin spiral-wheel type webs that are used for a number of functions, most notably to catch prey.

Orb […]

By |October 27th, 2014|Spiders|Comments Off on Araneidae- Orb Web Spiders