Millipedes may look similar to Centipedes but they are different in many ways. Derived from the Latin words “mille (thousand)” and “pes (legs)”, millipedes have two pair of legs per segment of the body, which adds up to a lot considering the large number of segments. Nevertheless,┬áthe number of legs of millipedes rarely exceed 400 in common species.

These Diplopods are detritivores in nature, and live off decaying organic materials.

Learn more about millipedes below:

Gold-coloured millipede

#1. A gold-coloured millipede. This vibrant and striking millipede is probably telling predators to stay away from it or suffer the consequences! Millipedes protect themselves by curling into a coil, thus using their tough exoskeleton to protect the delicate, inward-facing body parts. Millipedes also produce foul smelling odour through pores (Ozopores) as a means to fend off predators.


Half-coiled millipede

#2. A millipede assuming defensive position. Note the beautiful, orange-coloured protective plates on both sides of the millipede.


Pill millepede (Oniscomorpha)

#3. A Pill millepede (Oniscomorpha). This cute little millipede can often be found in gardens, parks and forests, and will quickly roll itself into a “ball” when disturbed. As children we like to roll the millipede around when it curls up.

** Identification of the subjects in this page are tentative and should be taken with a pinch of salt.

** All photos shown on this page were taken by Tan Ji. Please do not use or copy these photos without permission. However, I welcome interested users to read Images- Terms of Use for more details.